International shipping has encountered many recent challenges to its normal operations. Ongoing conflicts have added complexity to transporting goods, and the COVID-19 pandemic wreaked havoc on supply chains and transport systems. Port strikes in Europe are the latest threat to international shipping and trade.

Why Are Port Strikes Happening?

Workers in many industries seek to improve working conditions to help offset problems with the high rates of inflation we see today. With rental prices, food, and electricity prices jumping due to recent events, including the invasion of Ukraine, the introduction of monetary stimulus packages, and supply chain bottlenecks, collective bargaining disputes plague various industries ranging from air transport to port workers. The main conflict in many of these disputes includes an automatic adjustment of compensation levels based on inflation rates.

Where Are Port Strikes Happening?

 Port strikes are taking place throughout Northern Europe to improve the working conditions of port workers. Germany faces the most significant disruption in operations, while Belgium and other areas are also experiencing difficulties due to port strikes.


Ver.di, a prominent German labor union, and the Central Association of German Seaport Companies (ZDS) have been negotiating contract terms in response to current economic conditions in Germany. However, one of the most significant impasses in reaching an agreement is linking worker pay to the inflation rate.

Ver.di accounts for about 12,000 workers at important ports throughout Germany, including Hamburg, Bremerhaven, Emden, Brake, Bremen, and Wilhelmshaven. To apply pressure for an agreement to be reached, port workers in Germany have engaged in numerous strikes, two in June 2022 and a more prolonged strike in July 2022. These strikes have caused hardships for port operators, shipping companies, and exporters.


While the effects of port strikes in Belgium have been mild compared to those in Germany thus far, it is essential to take note of recent events. There have been two port strikes in Belgium, one at the end of May and the other in June 2022.

The ports of Zeebrugge and Antwerp began working as a single entity in April 2022. This makes the port the biggest in Europe and the most extensive carport on the continent.

Therefore, the recent occurrence of port strikes in Belgium threatens the operations and costs of many exporters, shipping companies, and port operators.

What Are Port Strikes Affecting?

Strikes throughout Europe have had profound effects on international trade and shipping. Port strikes have disrupted operations in Germany, increased port congestion, lengthened the waiting time of vessels to berth, and increased the yard capacity of ports throughout Europe.

Port strikes have already caused disruptions to key exports, and further port strikes in Germany could cause significant challenges to global supply chains.

Port Strikes Pose a Serious Threat

Collective bargaining disputes over inflation-adjusted pay rates for port workers are ongoing. Port strikes are already negatively impacting shipping operations in Europe, particularly Germany.

It is essential for shipping to return to full capacity to help dampen the inflationary impacts of the scarce supply of goods resulting from underutilized international shipping activities. Prolonged port disruptions are not just a problem for Europe but a global problem that needs a quick solution.

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